Chloroplasts (found in plant and algal cells) are organelles that carry out photosynthesis. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is the process by which energy from sunlight is captured by chlorophyll and used to drive the synthesis of sugar (carbohydrate) from carbon dioxide and water.
Mar 23, 2009 · VI. C4 Photosynthesis, or, How maize avoids photorespiration Plants that avoid photorespiration have a unique modification of photosynthesis. They are called C4 plants because the first product of carbon dioxide fixation is a 4-carbon compound, not PGA as it is in C3 plants. Examples: There are many plants that have this specialized modification.